Ages 11-14

Science is a compulsory subject which is taken by all students, typically aged 14-15 years. The Chillingham Cattle and their habitat clearly relate to two of the seven KS4 Science topics, most evidently Ecosystems but also elements within Evolution, inheritance and variation.

Components of Science KS4 syllabus illustrated by Chillingham Wild Cattle

  • levels of organisation within an ecosystem
  • some … factors which affect communities … interactions between organisms …
  • how materials cycle through abiotic and biotic components of ecosystems
  • microorganisms (and) the cycling of materials through an ecosystem
  • organisms are interdependent and are adapted to their environment
  • the importance of biodiversity
  • … identifying species and measuring distribution, frequency and abundance of species …
  • positive and negative human interactions with ecosystems
Evolution, inheritance and variation
  • genetic variation in populations of a species
  • the process of natural selection leading to evolution
  • the evidence for evolution
  • developments in biology affecting classification
  • the importance of selective breeding of plants and animals in agriculture


Teachers will be consulted so visits can be fine-tuned to key in with the particular stages in the curriculum that the children have reached. The basic structure of the visit will be: welcome to the Wild Cattle Pavilion, brief orientation, transport to the Park entrance, introductory talk by the warden, practical field work/observation, return to the Wild Cattle Pavilion, debrief session.

The warden’s talk includes points which relate to all the components listed above although they are not referred to directly in the precise terms used in the syllabus. If teachers would like specific topics to be presented in more detail in the warden’s talk or in the debrief session, please give prior notice. CWCA has available several Powerpoint presentations that would provide extra teaching material for use in class.